No Lean Season addresses seasonal poverty by offering a migration subsidy of about $20 to participating households, covering the cost of a round-trip bus fare to nearby urban areas that do not experience the same seasonal fluctuations in job opportunities.
Several rigorous trials designed at Yale University show that migration subsidies:
- Increase migration in the same season: In Bangladesh, households receiving a migration subsidy were 61% more likely to migrate than comparable households;
- Increase consumption: Migrant households registered higher household expenditures and an increase in over 700 calories consumed per day — an amount equivalent to an extra meal per person/per day during the lean season;
- Increase migration in subsequent seasons: Households that received a migration subsidy were more likely to continue sending out a temporary migrant one and three years later, indicating that they experienced benefits from migration and built a link to future employment opportunities at the destination.